مقاله ترجمه شده :  تجزیه و تحلیل مدیریت فناوری با استفاده از نمونه ای از شرکت های تولیدی از بخش SME

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مقاله ترجمه شده :  تجزیه و تحلیل مدیریت فناوری با استفاده از نمونه ای از شرکت های تولیدی از بخش SME

عنوان انگلیسی:

Analysis of Technology Management Using the Example of the Production Enterprise from the SME Sector

چکیده فارسی:

روش مدیریت فناوری در شرکت های تولیدی عمدتا بر اندازه شرکت و ساختار سازمانی آن بستگی دارد. متغیری که نباید از اهمیت آن غافل شد مفهوم تکنولوژی است. هدف اصلی این مقاله شناسایی و تجزیه و تحلیل عوامل موثر بر نحوه مدیریت فناوری در شرکت های تولید کوچک در صنعت فلزکاری است. فرآیند تحقیق بر اساس یک مطالعه موردی در  یک شرکت است. نتایج دریافت شده به ارتقاء دانش مربوط به توسعه روش های استفاده شده برای مدیریت فناوری در شرکت های تولیدی کمک خواهد کرد.

کلیدواژگان: مطالعه موردی؛ صنعت فلزکاری؛ شرکت تولیدی؛ بخش SME؛ مدیریت فناوری

Abstract

The method of managing technologies in manufacturing enterprises depends primarily on the size of the company and its organisational structure. Not without significance is also a way of understanding the definition of technology. The main purpose of this paper is the identification and analysis of the factors influencing the manner in which technologies are managed in small production enterprises within the metalworking industry. The research process is based on a case study of an enterprise. The received results will help to enhance knowledge related to the development of methods used for technology management in production enterprises.

Keywords: case study; metalworking industry; production enterprise; SME sector; technology management

  1. Introduction

The development of manufacturing enterprises depends on their level of competitiveness on world markets. That level is largely conditioned by the access to technology and the ability to introduce innovative solutions. The correct integration of technologies in the enterprise should, therefore, be a source of a sustainable competitive advantage. For this purpose, it is necessary both to understand the nature of technology as well as to determine the mechanisms shaping the process of technology management [5, 7, 13–۱۵]. Technology is a component of general knowledge about the types of techniques, methods of their formation and implementation in practice. It leads to gaining knowledge (often hidden or forbidden) and skills related to solving specific technological problems. In the literature, there are many different definitions of technology relating to both its scientific significance and practical application. Cornwall defines technology as a resource of knowledge relating principally to the production of goods and services [1]. Rosenberg, in turn, talks about the understanding and implementation of previously acquired scientific knowledge about the types of techniques, methods and structures [9]. Dosi combines these two definitions and defines technology as a set of elements of practical and theoretical knowledge, skills of its application (know-how), methods, procedures and physical devices that use this knowledge [2]. The publications of Polish authors are dominated by definition of technology as knowledge about methods of manufacture of a given product. Łunarski, in his work, defines technology as „a directed process of producing the necessary products and services, implemented in a hierarchical production system with identified elements and their relationships, built for the realization of this process on the basis of the available theoretical and practical knowledge The process approach to the subject is also presented by Santarek, who claims that technology is „a process consisting of many activities carried out in a strictly defined manner and sequence, resulting in the processing of input goods (raw materials, semi-finished products) into finished products having certain features and meeting customer needs”

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